Origin: Europe. Eggs: 100 – 120 White.
Weight: Cock: 2 – 3 Kg. Hen: 2 – 2.5 Kg.
Bantam: Cock: 680 – 790g. Hen: 510 – 680g.
Colours: Self Black, Self Blue, Self White, Splash, Cuckoo, White Crested Black, White Crested Blue, White Crested Cuckoo, Chamois (sometimes called Buff Laced), Gold Laced, and Silver Laced.
Useful to Know: There are frizzled or straight, bearded and non-bearded varieties available.
The Polish or Poland is a European breed of chicken known for its crest of feathers. The oldest accounts of these birds come from the Netherlands; their exact origins are unknown, however. In addition to combs, they are adorned with large crests that nearly cover the entirety of the head. This crest limits their vision, and as a result can affect their temperament. Thus, though normally tame, they may be timid and easily frightened.Polish chickens are bred primarily as a show bird, but were originally productive egg layers.
Accordingly, Polish rarely go broody and are noted for their white eggs. There are bearded, non-bearded and frizzle varieties.
Though the derivation of the Polish breed is unclear, one theory suggests that their ancestors were brought by Asian Mongols to Eastern Europe during medieval times, and thus, could have originated in Poland. It is also believed that immigrants could have brought the breed’s predecessors from Spain or Italy in the late 1500s. The Polish was standardized in the Netherlands and declared a thoroughbred in the 16th century. Chickens bearing a strong resemblance to the Polish can be seen in paintings from the 1400s, and the breed was extensively portrayed in Dutch and Italian paintings from the 16th through the 18th centuries. Though usually only a fair layer at best today, In France they were known as an excellent producer of eggs.
The Polish has a small V-shaped comb. The earlobes and wattles are small and may be completely hidden by the crest and beard. The earlobes are white, the comb and wattles bright red.